What is the difference between hype and speculation?
This is a question I've been thinking about a lot recently. I believe there is more than a context difference but I do believe the words have some overlapping territory. However, "hype" seems to have a more negative connotation than "speculation". You may come across these terms frequently in the financial and stock markets. I have noticed that these were are popping up with more frequency specifically relating to startups.
I'm interested in hearing the community views on "hype" vs. "speculation".
Jef, my view of a generally accepted definition of the two phenomena is this:
Hype – self-serving and self-generated. Meaning, anything paid for or instigated by the business (PR, advertorial, advertising, some aspects of social media) in support of quickly enhancing the entity's reputation
Speculation – comment or opinion from a third party source. Meaning, column inches or social media at arm's length. The outcome is often the same as for hype, but I think the difference lies in who did it or how it came about.
Someone within an organisation may well "speculate" about an event concerning the same organisation, but as soon as they publish, it is by definition, "hype."
The term "hype" suggests one's success is a temporary spike purely due to herd behaviour rather than being derived from the performance of the actual product itself.
"Speculation" on the other hand, although also an aggregate of opinions, is based on educated opinions gathered from the evaluation of the contributing factors to a product's potential performance. There is a basis to their opinions rather than simple "bandwagoning".